Stem cells are the basic building blocks of cell types that perform various tasks in the human body. These cells, which form the structure of tissues and organs in the body, have the capacity to transform into all cell types. Stem cells play a critical role in regenerating damaged or diseased tissues and organs. When needed, it transforms into specialized cells and contributes to the repair processes of the organism.
Types and Properties of Stem Cells
Stem cells can be divided into two main groups: those that are present in the organism and those that have the ability to differentiate. Embryonic stem cells are cells found in the early developmental stages of the organism and have the capacity to form different tissues and organs. Adults have somatic stem cells or tissue-specific stem cells. IPS (Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells) are artificial stem cells obtained by recycling adult cells and capable of differentiation.
Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cell therapy is a method used to regenerate diseased or damaged tissues and organs. This treatment uses stem cells from the person’s own body or from a compatible donor. The stem cells are transferred to the patient and transplanted into the area that needs repair. The method of treatment is determined depending on the patient’s condition and the disease that needs to be treated.
Uses of Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cell therapy is used as an effective method of treating various diseases. These include congenital metabolic disorders, bone marrow diseases, immune system problems and healing of damaged tissues. Stem cell therapy is also used in the treatment of neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and spinal cord injuries.
Stem Cell Therapy Application Methods
Stem cell therapy is performed with stem cells from different sources. These sources include bone marrow, peripheral blood, cord blood, embryonic stem cells and adipose tissue. Stem cells can be autologous (from one’s own body), allogeneic (from a donor) or haploidentical (from a half-matched donor). Stem cells are injected intravenously or over the damaged area. The success rate of treatment depends on the type and stage of the disease and the patient’s condition.